Did you know that you
can heat and cool your home or business with dirt?

Yep, dirt.

Geothermal heating and cooling systems take advantage of the Earth’s ability to store a vast amount of heat in the soil, and even work in extreme low temperatures. This heat energy is maintained at a constant temperature in the soil and near-surface rocks.

In New York, the soil maintains a temperature of 52°F approximately five feet below the surface. In the summer, the ground beneath us is cooler than the outside air. In the winter, the ground is warmer than the outside air. The geothermal process does not create heat—it simply transports it to or from the ground. Most importantly, it doesn’t burn any fossil fuel

Geothermal heating systems “capture” the steady supply of underground heat energy for use throughout your home or building. Once installed, your home or building will use much less energy, save money each month and eliminate pollution produced by fossil fuel systems.

There are two pieces to the geothermal unit: the heat pump and the ground loop. The heat pump is the indoor unit and the ground loops are the underground pipes. During the winter, the ground loop circulates water, absorbs the heat and sends it to the heat pump, where it’s used to keep your home warm. During the summer, the heat pump reverses. It pulls heat out of your home and transports the heat into the ground, consequently cooling your home.

Geothermal Loops

  • Horizontal Ground Loop
    Horizontal Loop Geothermal

    This type of loop is usually the most cost effective when trenches are easy to dig and the size of the yard is adequate. Polyethylene pipes are inserted and the trenches are backfilled. A typical home requires one quarter to three quarters of an acre for the trenches.

  • Vertical Ground Loop
    Vertical Loop Geothermal

    This type of loop is used where space is limited. Vertical holes are bored 150 to 450 feet deep, much like wells. A single loop of pipe with a U-bend at the bottom is inserted before the hole is backfilled. A typical home requires three to five bores with approximately 15 feet of separation between the holes.

  • Pond Closed Loops
    Pond Loop Geothermal

    This type of loop design may be the most economical when a home is near water, such as a shallow pond or lake. In the loop, fluid circulates through polyethylene piping in a closed system, just as it does through ground loops. A half-acre, eight-foot deep pond is sufficient for an average home.

Horizontal Loop Geothermal
Vertical Loop Geothermal
Pond Loop Geothermal

Geothermal Heat Pumps

Water-to-water Heat Pumps
Water-to-Air Heat Pump

This heat pump outputs forced air and is most commonly used to replace legacy-forced air furnaces and central air conditioning systems. There are variations that allow for split systems, high-velocity systems and ductless systems.

Water-to-Water Heat Pump

This heat pump is for hydronic systems that use water to carry heating or cooling through the building. Systems such as radiant under-floor heating, baseboard radiators and conventional cast iron radiators would use a liquid-to-water heat pump.

Combination Heat Pump

This heat pump can produce forced air and circulating water simultaneously and individually. These systems are largely used for houses that have a combination of air and liquid conditioning needs, such as central air conditioning and a heated pool.

Regular Maintenance Ensures Lasting Efficiency

Since your geothermal system is designed to run all year, maintenance is essential to optimal performance.

Here’s a handy checklist of things you can do to keep your system in the best possible condition.

  • Clean or change your filter every month or every few months. Dirty filters, coils and fans reduce airflow through the system, which decreases its performance and can damage its compressor.
  • Clean outdoor coils whenever they are dirty.
  • Once in a while, you should also clean the fan—just turn the power off and remove any plant life or clutter from around the unit.
  • Clean the supply and return registers in your home every so often.

We recommend that you have your unit maintained by a professional at Capital Heat once a year. During the check-up, we’ll change old filters in your heat pump and check your ductwork for any gaps or cracks. If needed, we’ll also adjust your unit and get it running at optimum capacity.

The best way to stay on top of regular maintenance is to enroll in a Capital Heat maintenance program. In addition to a number of valuable perks and savings, we’ll also remind you when your system is due for a check-up, so you don’t have to worry about it. We offer three different tiers of coverage—learn more about each option and choose the one that best suits your needs here.


Benefits of Geothermal Heating and Cooling

If you’re considering installing a geothermal heating and cooling system, you probably know that they don’t burn fossil fuel—making them more efficient and therefore more cost-effective than traditional systems. But the benefits of these systems are much bigger than the savings on your monthly utility bill. Geothermal heating and cooling systems are of the few meaningful ways individuals can reduce their carbon footprint and fight climate change.

We consider this a pretty good argument, but we’ve outlined all the benefits that we can think of just in case you need some more convincing.

  • Environmental Impact
    The EPA and the U.S. Department of Energy recognize geothermal systems as the most environmentally friendly way to heat and cool a home. Unlike other comfort systems, geothermal does not emit carbon dioxide, carbon monoxide or other greenhouse gasses which contribute to air quality pollution and climate change.
  • Clean and Safe
    There is no combustion in a geothermal heat pump, therefore there is no chance of carbon monoxide poisoning, making it a safer choice for you and your family.
  • Lower Operating Cost
    Geothermal heating and cooling delivers a 400% efficiency rating. That means four units of energy are delivered for every one unit of electrical energy. A normal furnace has only a 94% efficiency rating.
  • Quiet and Reliable
    Compared to alternatives, geothermal units are quiet. They’re also very reliable, since they’re not subjected to wear and tear caused by snow, rain, ice or vandalism.
  • Longevity
    Geothermal systems are usually good for 15 plus years. In comparison, a typical furnace will last 10 to 13 years with regular maintenance. The ground loop of the geothermal system (the pipes buried in the yard) has a warranty of 50 years.
  • Positive Cash Flow
    Geothermal systems are a smart investment. They can produce energy savings that will exceed the cost of the system installation over a period of time.

Rebates & Savings

Invest in Efficiency for Less

Installing a geothermal heat pump doesn’t have to break the bank. There are a handful of ways to make financing a new system and making a valuable investment in your home easier on your wallet.

  • Utility Rebates
  • Long-term financing from Capital Heat
  • Federal Tax Credits

New York State Incentives

NYS utility companies offer incentives to homeowners for choosing heat pumps and taking advantage of them is hassle-free.

Federal Geothermal Tax Credits

To make geothermal heating costs more affordable, there is an uncapped 30% tax credit for a geothermal heating installation, a 25% state tax credit capped at $5,000, and an electric utility rebate. 

Geothermal Savings Calculator

Interested in finding out how much you could save by switching to a geothermal heating and cooling system? Use this savings calculator to see the numbers. For more information, don’t hesitate to contact us.

How Can We Help You?

Let our experts take a look at your situation, listen to your needs and goals, and figure out the best solution for you and your home.

Get the Perfect Climate-Control Solution for Your Home

Contact Capital Heat Today

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